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Writing SMART Goals for School Based OT and PT

Writing SMART Goals for School Based OT and PT - www.YourTherapySource.com

Are you familiar with SMART goals?  SMART is an acronym for guiding someone how to write a goal.  It stands for:

S – SPECIFIC: what, why and how are you going to do it

M – MEASURABLE: evidence that the goal will be achieved ie data collection

A – ATTAINABLE: goal needs to be challenging but reachable

R – RELEVANT: goal should measure outcomes not activities

T – TIME BOUND: deadline that the goal needs to be achieved by

Here is an example of a SMART goal using the Common Core Standards for a kindergarten student (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.K.5).  GOAL: By June 2016, during speaking and listening tasks the student will independently be able to open/close containers that hold ELA supplies 9 out of 10 trials to create drawings or visual displays when presenting knowledge and ideas.

S – Specific: 

WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO?  student will independently be able to open/close containers that hold ELA supplies

WHY ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT?  so student can create drawings or visual displays when presenting knowledge and ideas.

HOW ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT? independently 9 out of 10 trials by June 2016

M – Measurable:  independently 9 out of 10 trials.  This can be measured using observation skills and data collection when the student is opening and closing materials that hold ELA supplies

A – Attainable:  Make sure the student has the skill set to accomplish the goal.

R – Relevant: According to the Common Core Standards, kindergartens should be able to create drawings or visual displays when presenting knowledge and ideas for English language arts.  In order to create drawings, some materials may be inside containers ie pencil pouch, plastic bins with lids, etc.

T – Time Bound: Student will achieve the goal by June 2016.

Here is another example of a SMART goal using the Common Core Standards for Kindergarten ELA  CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.K.1:  GOAL: By June 2016,  the student will independently exhibit age-appropriate body awareness (i.e. maintaining personal space, keeping hands to self, etc.) 90% of the time when actively engaged in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. 

S – Specific:

WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO?  student will exhibit age-appropriate body awareness (i.e. maintaining personal space, keeping hands to self, etc.)

WHY ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT? so student can participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

HOW ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT?  independently 90% of the time

M – Measurable: through observation and data collection student will independently maintain body awareness 90% of the time

A – Attainable: Make sure the student has the skill set to accomplish the goal.

R – Relevant: According to the Common Core Standards, during speaking and listening tasks, kindergartens should be able to participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

T – Time Bound: Student will achieve the goal by June 2016.

Here is one more example of a SMART goal using the common core standard CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5d Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings. GOAL: By June 2016, the student will be able to move fluidly between different actions (walk, march, strut and prance) with similar meanings with verbal cues  8 of 10 trials for vocabulary acquisition and use.

S – Specific:

WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO?  student will move fluidly between different actions (walk, march, strut and prance) with similar meanings

WHY ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT? so student can distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action

HOW ARE YOU GOING TO DO IT?  with verbal cues 8 out of 10 trials

M – Measurable: through observation and data collection the student will move fluidly between actions with verbal cueing 8 out of 10 trials

A – Attainable: Make sure the student has the skill set to accomplish the goal.

R – Relevant: According to the Common Core Standards, for vocabulary acquisition and use, kindergartens should be able to distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.

T – Time Bound: Student will achieve the goal by June 2016.

Hopefully, this help to explain how to write SMART goals.  Need ideas based on the Common Core Standards?

IEP Goals related to the common core for OT/PT from http://yourtherapysource.com/commoncorek2.html

Check out IEP Goals Related to the Common Core for OT/PT
Grades K-2 at http://yourtherapysource.com/commoncorek2.html or IEP Goals Related to the Common Core for OT/PT Grades 3-5 at http://yourtherapysource.com/commoncore35.html