Proprioception and Handwriting

Proprioception and Handwriting

The Journal of Physical Therapy Science published research on 19 healthy children to investigate the association between proprioception, including joint position sense and kinetic sense, and handwriting legibility in healthy children.  To assess joint position sense, each participant was asked to flex their right elbow between 30° to 110° while blindfolded which was analyzed 3D motion Analysis. Kinetic sense was assessed using the Sensory Integration and Praxis Test. The children were directed to write 30 words and then the legibility of their handwriting was scored for form, alignment, space, size, and shape.  Data analysis revealed:

  1. significant negative correlation between handwriting legibility and kinetic sense.
  2. no significant correlation between handwriting legibility and joint position.

The researchers concluded that additional research is needed to determine the association of handwriting legibility and speed with joint position sense of the elbow, wrist, and fingers.

Reference:  Hong, S. Y., Jung, N. H., & Kim, K. M. (2016). The correlation between proprioception and handwriting legibility in children. Journal of physical therapy science, 28(10), 2849-2851.

Now You See It, Now You Don’t



Now You See It, Now You Don’t – includes 20 worksheets to practice kinesthetic skills without visual input. Some children rely too much on the visual system when completing visual motor activities. These worksheets encourage a child to use his/her kinesthetic sense (where the body is in space) to complete a visual motor task rather than relying on the visual system. The ebook includes 10 easier worksheets and 10 harder worksheets. The theme is animals and sports.  FIND OUT MORE INFORMATION.